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  • How Women in Africa Boost Bottoms With Padded Panties

     

     

    Despite being an item of ridicule in the past, today, many women are rushing to have larger behinds in the name of wealth, health and a means to build self-confidence as well as attract the opposite sex.

    In Ivory Coast, a woman’s beauty is defined by how big her bottom is. In order to acquire the ‘bootylicious’ bottom, some squirt creams onto their behinds, others pop pills while others adorn padded panties.

     

    Women who have a ‘botcho’ the Ivorian slang for ‘vast rear end’ are seen as wealthy and healthy hence, some have to do everything possible to achieve the curvaceous look. For the emerging middle class in the nation, this has become routine and has contributed to the growth of businesses dealing with such products.

    In a country like Ivory Coast, the skinny catwalk queens are no role model to a community of women whose desire to enhance their bottoms is overtaken by the risks that come with growth enhancer pills and creams.

    “You need to have good hips to be dubbed a beauty in Ivory Coast,” said a saleswoman named Sarah. “Men like women with a bit of bottom best.”

    A report from Agence France said that infused Press, pills, creams, and broth- infused suppositories, are big business in the country. At Treichville, Abidjan’s biggest market, shop owners do a steady trade in ‘grossifesse’ (butt boosters).

    The side effects of the pursuit are also so real as the pills are made from corticoids, which can cause high blood pressure and diabetes, Fatima Ly, a venereologist in Dakar told the news agency.

    There are creams made with shea butter or cod-liver oil and don’t have the same health risks. However, they are expensive for a country where the average person makes only a little over $100 a month. According to sellers, despite the cream enhancers going for between 15,000 to 25,000 CFA francs ($25 to $45), the products do not last long on the shelves. Women on lower budgets prefer ingesting broth cubes because they are greasy in hope that it will enhance their rears.

    The safer and cheaper option is using padded pants to give an illusion of a larger bottom according to local reports. Despite its safety, it has its own set of problems. Nigerian men are not so happy with the pads which are sold in stores and sometimes by hawkers in the street. Men have expressed their disgust and feelings of being misled by their women who adorn the cloth.

    One Nigerian man, Adelani Makinde filed for divorce just hours after his expensive wedding, after discovering that his bride’s bottom was not as ‘big and round’ as it had appeared during their courtship. On the grounds of false pretense, Makinde promptly filed for divorce.

    For women who have a financial footing, they opt for booty-boosting surgeries abroad or get plastic surgeons flying in to perform the ‘booty miracle’. Parisian plastic surgeon Robin Mookherjee is one doctor who flies to Dakar every month and claims to have treated “hundreds of women patients” from west Africa, notably from Ivory Coast.

    History shows that black women with larger breasts, hips, thighs and bottoms have been items of ridicule, hyper-sexuality, and denigration. But since the legendary butts of Beyoncé, Nicki Minaj, and Kim Kardashian, it has become an essential part of beauty coveted by many women from different races, who would do anything in their power to have such booties.

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  • DAAD Masters Scholarships for Public Policy and Good Governance

    DAAD
    Masters Degree

    Deadline: 31 July 2016 (annual)
    Study in:  Germany
    Next course starts Sept/Oct 2017

     

     

    Brief description:

    The DAAD Masters Scholarships for Public Policy and Good Governance Programme offers very good graduates from developing countries the chance to obtain a Master’s degree in disciplines that are of special relevance for the social, political and economic development of their home country at German institutions of higher education.

    Participating Programmes in Host Institutions:

    The scholarships are awarded for selected Master courses at German institutions of higher education listed below:

    •  Hertie School of Governance, Berlin: Master of Public Policy (MPP)
    •  University of Duisburg-Essen: MA Development and Governance
    •  Willy Brandt School of Public Policy at the University of Erfurt: Master of Public Policy (MPP)
    •  Leuphana University of Lüneburg: Public Economics, Law and Politics (PELP)
    •  Hochschule Osnabrück: Management in Non-Profit Organisations
    •  University of Osnabrück: Master of  Democratic Governance and Civil Society
    •  University of Passau: Master of Governance and Public Policy
    •  University of Potsdam: Master of Public Management (MPM)

    The courses have an international orientation and are taught in German and/or English.

    Number of Scholarships:

    Not specified

    Target group:

    The scholarship scheme is open to candidates from Africa, Latin America, North/Central America, South Asia, Southeast Asia as well as from countries in the Middle East. See list of eligible countries.

    Scholarship value/inclusions:

    DAAD scholarship holders are exempt from tuition fees. DAAD pays a monthly scholarship rate of currently €750. The scholarship also includes contributions to health insurance in Germany.

    In addition, DAAD grants an appropriate travel allowance and a study and research subsidy as well as rent subsidies and/or allowances for spouses and/or children where applicable.

    Eligibility:

    The scholarship targets very well qualified graduates with a first university degree (Bachelor or equivalent) who in the future want to actively contribute to the social and economic development of their home countries. The scholarships are offered both for young graduates without professional experience and for mid-career professionals.

    The main DAAD criteria for selection are: the study results, knowledge of English (and German), political and social engagement, a convincing description of the subject-related and personal motivation for the study project in Germany and the expected benefit after the return to the home country.

    The university degree should have been obtained during the six years before the application for the scholarship. Applicants cannot be considered if they have been in Germany for more than 15 months at the time of application.

    All Master courses have further additional requirements that must be fulfilled by the applicants at any case.

    http://www.scholars4dev.com/1010/daad-ms-scholarships-for-public-policy-and-good-governance-ppgg/

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  • Eritrea blames Ethiopia for border clash

     

    Eritrea says Ethiopia has launched an attack at the countries' contested border. Ethiopia has not commented.

    Fighting broke out on Sunday in the Tsorona area, about half-way along the heavily-militarised frontier.

    Residents on the Ethiopian side of the border reported hearing gunfire and seeing a large movement of troops and artillery towards the border.

    A peace deal in 2000 ended the countries' two-year war but it has not been fully implemented.

    The conflict, over the exact location of the border led to the deaths of an estimated 80,000 people.

    Africa Live: BBC news updates

    Ethiopia "unleashed an attack against Eritrea on the Tsorona Central Front. The purpose and ramifications of this attack are not clear," the Eritrean governmentsaid in a short statement issued on Sunday night.

    It does not mention any casualties.

    Ethiopia's Information Minister Getachew Reda, who is out of the country, told the BBC he was not aware of the fighting.

     

     

     

    As part of the Algiers peace agreement signed in 2000 both countries agreed to accept the ruling of an independent boundary commission over the location of the frontier as "final and binding".

    But after the commission ruled that the disputed town of Badme was in Eritrea, Ethiopia at first refused to agree to the border demarcation and then called for dialogue before it would implement the decision.

    Eritrea rejected this and as a consequence the countries have since been in a state of "neither war nor peace", says the BBC's Emmanuel Igunza in Nairobi.

    Clashes at the border have happened in the past but they are rare occurrences.

    Eritrea last month marked 25 years since it gained independence from Ethiopia after a long civil war.

    more.....http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-36515503?ocid=socialflow_facebook

     

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